When Students Understand Why We Do What We Do as Teachers

I remember, as a child, cartoon-esque drawings of characters or people having A-Ha moments: A lightbulb appeared over someone’s head as they worked or did something.  The simplicity of the pictures always amazed me.  The idea of a light being turned on when neurons fire and bridge mental connections is a great metaphor.  While it very much simplifies the process, the concept and idea behind what is going on in the brain is conveyed to the viewer.  A-Ha moments are actually very complex, neurological happenings that involve many different chemical reactions.  Genuine learning comes about through these type of grand realizations as connections are being made in one’s brain.  It’s almost like the idea of working through one’s frustration.  Perseverance and resiliency are two great concepts that, for me, lead to these A-Ha moments.  While for some people, new ideas or answers to problems seem to make sense and happen seamlessly, without much thought or struggling, some people need much processing time and practice to come to a conclusion or answer.  I am one of those people.  I need to really ponder something before I’m able to figure it out.  Usually, after much time playing or wrestling with the question or new concept, a solution or realization seems to just sort of pop into my mind.  Those are great experiences.  An easy way to see this process happen is by looking at one’s facial expressions.  The person might start out with a frown or upset face that slowly or quickly changes to a smile as the A-Ha moment occurs.  Learning makes people smile.  How great is that?

As a teacher, I love witnessing these A-Ha moments happen for my students.  After much time spent working with them or watching them struggle and attempt to solve a problem, it is quite rewarding and fulfilling to see them understand what they’ve been working towards.  It’s like finding that missing puzzle piece after minutes of searching for it.  I see it most frequently happen for our ELL students when learning new, to them, concepts in English.  Although they seem confused at first and can’t wrap their heads around what is expected of them or the concept being covered, after asking questions and processing the information, they just get it.  Those are fun moments.  “I get it now!” they usually exclaim with a smile on their face.  Persevering through challenging times is not an easy skill to teach.  It takes lots of practice and reminders.  Rather than jumping in and telling students how to solve problems, I find it much more beneficial to let them struggle through it and ask them probing questions to inspire neurological connections to be made when assistance is required.  For many students, this is all it takes for them to figure things out.

To help prepare our students for the increased level of critical thinking that will be required of them as well as the larger work load they will face next year, we have been working on challenging our students to rise above where they are, mentally, to be better able to solve problems on their own by utilizing the Habits of Learning practiced in the classroom all year.  During the past month, we have been asking students to challenge themselves to do more than just complete an assignment.  At this point in the year, many of the boys are capable of exceeding the requirements and graded objectives.  Rather than just write about their reading, we expect that most of our students will be able to analyze what they read and make inferences using examples from the text.  While we have been using this type of language with them for weeks now, a few of the boys are still struggling to realize why we are asking them to step up and challenge themselves.  They usually get frustrated and start over instead of adding to or altering the nucleus of their work.  While that is certainly one way to approach what we’re asking of them, it is generally not the most productive way to go about challenging themselves.

Today in Humanities class, the students worked on crafting an original poem utilizing the poetic device of personification.  While a few of the students got right to work and crafted brilliant stanzas filled with metaphors and alliteration, a few of the students struggled to begin their poem or choose an object.  One student had his idea right away and wrote his first two lines with ease.  He was so excited about his work that he shared his poem with me.  While he was on the precipice of critical thinking, he was using vague words and simplistic lines to craft his poem.  So, I said, “I see what you are trying to do, but I challenge you to use more specific and carefully chosen words in a more complex manner.  I challenge you to create lines of poetry that don’t begin in the exact same manner.  I challenge you to think more critically about your object as you write your poem.”  While I could easily tell that he was a bit deflated after hearing my feedback, he didn’t give up.  He began erasing his lines as I conferenced with another student.  My co-teacher then approached him in the act of erasing and asked him what he was doing.  His response, “Mr. Holt is challenging me to think more critically about my object.  So, I’m going to start over and see if I can use more specific words to describe light in a personified way.”  I stopped working with the other student with whom I was conferencing and stood up for a brief moment when I heard him utter those words.  I almost began to weep.  Wow, I thought, he gets it.  He totally understood what I asked him to do.  He was challenging himself to grow and develop as a student and critical thinker.  Amazing!  So all of these weeks of reminding the students to put forth more effort into thinking critically and creatively about problems and the world around them totally paid off.  They now realize why we have been doing what we’ve been doing in the classroom as their teachers.  They too want to grow and learn more.  They want to be better able to solve problems and think about new topics or concepts.  I was blown away.

While it can be very easy to get caught up in the routine of teaching and not see the bright lighthouses littering the coasts of our classroom, they are there.  Our students are listening and growing and applying the skills we’ve been teaching them all year.  They are not solid bricks but moldable pieces of clay.  It can be frustrating at times when they come across as chunks of solid granite when in fact they are very soft shale sitting at the bottom of the pond that is our classroom waiting for knowledge to build up and push them closer to Earth’s mantle where they can metamorphize into slate or what we might see as able-bodied seventh graders.  It’s great to be able to take opportunities like this to reflect on the great work we and our students have done all year and celebrate it.  All is not for nothing.  They are learning and growing and changing.  Mission accomplished, for now, but our work as their teachers is far from done.


March Break Mindfulness

While I miss being in the classroom and working with my students, I do so enjoy the respite offered by my school’s March Break.  We have three weeks to rest, relax, read, travel, reflect, and etc.  It’s quite awesome.  Last year during this break, my family took a vacation to Florida to visit Universal Studios.  The Harry Potter worlds were phenomenal.  It felt like we were in the movies.  Amazing!  As funds are tight this year, there will be no travelling for me during March Break, which I’m not upset about.  Sometimes I feel like I need a break from my vacation.  Travelling can be very exhausting, especially when it involves air travel.  I’m excited to stay home and do nothing this year.  Well, actually, nothing isn’t quite accurate.  Since my school’s schedule is demanding and rich and full as our headmaster likes to say, my son and I have very little time to see the doctor and do those routine things like visit the dentist and get new glasses.  So, this week has been filled with appointments.  It’s good to get outside of the compound we call school though.  Plus, I’ve had plenty of time to enjoy some great shows on Netflix and movies from the local video rental store.  Yes, it’s hard to believe for many I’m sure, but my town still has a thriving video rental shop.  It’s nice and handy.  In between movies, appointments, and family time, I’ve also had much time to reflect and think about my teaching.

While I do feel as though this has been my best year of teaching yet, I am always looking for ways to improve.  My kind and talented Science Department Chair purchased me some coding gadgets to play with to find out how I might be able to incorporate them into my STEM curriculum for next year.  I can’t wait to dig into my Arduino Board.  I need to work with my school’s tech department to get the right servers installed on my laptop first though.  That’s on my agenda for next week.  This week though, I’ve been feeling contemplative.  Maybe because I’ve had a lot to think about.  My son is going through the roller coaster ride known as the secondary school choice process.  Yesterday was the big reveal day.  Did he get accepted?  Did we get enough financial aid?  It was an emotional day in our household.  There was frustration, confusion, and excitement all within a few hours of each other.  Crazy.  Now, my family needs to begin thinking about what the next chapter of our lives will look like.  Do we stay rooted at my current school and find the best school for my son to attend or do we rip out our stakes and find a new place to call home?  Will I find a job?  Will my wife find a job?  What might that look like?  Can we really move?  Would it work?  So many questions.

This bombardment of questions got me thinking.  Which came first, questions or answers?  Did early humans start tinkering with the natural world and then ask questions or did they ask questions immediately, before playing with rocks and trees?  Did the first question come from an answer or curiosity?  Can answers and solutions come without questions?  Do I need to ponder and reflect in a questioning manner in order to reach a conclusion?  Can I find the answer by trying new things and taking risks or is it human nature to wonder?  When did that come into existence?  Have humans always been curious?   This then lead me to wonder, what’s more important: Questions or answers?  Can I learn more by asking questions that lead to more questions or must I have knowledge and information to grow and develop my line of thinking?

In the classroom, questioning is a higher order thinking skill.  In order to think critically about something, my students need to be able to question and wonder.  They can easily locate answers online, but will that allow them to fully comprehend a topic or idea?  They need to be able to dissect that answer, make connections, and wonder what else they can learn from it.  They need to extend their thinking by asking more questions.  This is true for my students, which is why I constantly push them further.  Ask more questions.  And when they ask more questions, I pose even more questions.  What does that mean?  How are those two ideas connected?  Now what?  They are challenged to think critically about the world around them in order to grow and develop into meaningful global citizens.

With two weeks of March Break left, I can’t wait to see what grandeur is in store for me.  Who knows?  Maybe all the answers my family is searching for will be revealed?  Wouldn’t that be nice.  Regardless, I still have plenty of time to reflect and relax.  Go me!

The Power of Conversation

In the words of my greatest mentors, “Sometimes, all you need to do is listen.”  Wow, were they ever right.  To fix difficult situations, help students, ease nerves, solve problems, bring about peace, and so much more, all you need to do is listen.  This idea became brightly evident to me in the classroom today.

After three weeks of vacation, classes resumed this morning.  Many of the boys were tired and seemed a bit out of it.  Homesickness already started to permeate the campus campus before classes even started.  In Humanities class today, we wanted to ease the boys back into the swing of academia.  So, Reader’s Workshop filled our time together this morning.  The students love to read and so we figured, what better way to get them hooked back into class than to give them what they love.  Our focus for student conferences today was goal setting for the spring term.  We wanted the students to set a reading goal for themselves as we head into the final nine weeks of school.  Not an overly lofty agenda, but we still wanted to accomplish something.

I like to use this conference time as a chance to catch up with the students and converse with them for a bit about non-reading, life stuff.  So today I asked each of the seven students I met with, “What was a highlight from your Spring Break?”  A simple question that allowed for the students to share what they wanted to.  Many of the students talked about all the fun things they did over break.  Some of the students had gone on trips to places with much warmer temperatures than NH.  They shared their stories before we got into the meat of the conference.  This helped to set the stage for productive conversations.  The students seemed much more open to brainstorming specific and SMART goals.  Was this because they had a chance to talk about what was really on their mind?  Did they feel more comfortable and at ease?  Perhaps, or maybe they have just gotten so good at goal setting over the course of the year that creating new goals is second nature.  Whatever the reasons, things went smoothly in the sixth grade classroom today.

Coming back from a break presents a vital opportunity to reconnect with our students.  By asking them questions about their vacation, they feel respected and cared for.  After classes today, two students lingered behind before heading to lunch.  So, I asked those two students, who I hadn’t conferenced with today, about their March Break.  One of them shared about his trip to Arizona and the Grand Canyon.  This then lead into the other student talking about a similar trip he had gone on a few years back.  Connections were made between the students.  Plus, it seemed to really help lift their spirits.  They seemed happier as they walked to lunch conversing about their trips.

Asking questions and creating an open dialogue with students is so important in building relationships.  We need to make numerous deposits in our relationship banks with students so that they trust us and feel safe and cared for.  Maslow’s hierarchy of needs tells us that in order for learning and thinking to happen, the basic needs of our students must be met.  Conversations are an easy and quick way to foster care and engagement.  We need our students to feel supported and safe in our classroom so that learning and growth can happen.