Posted in Boy Writers, Curriculum, Education, Humanities, Learning, Students, Teaching, Writer's Workshop, Writing, Writing Conferences

How Writer’s Workshop Allows Me to Differentiate My Instruction in the Classroom

At the beginning of each new academic year, students will exclaim, during our Writer’s Workshop introduction, how much they hate writing.  “I hate writing and I will never like it,” students are often heard saying during that first week of classes.  By the end of the year though, those same students can’t stop writing because they have grown to enjoy it so much.  The Writer’s Workshop approach to the teaching of writing provides students with freedom and choice.  They can write whatever they want based on a broad topic.  At the start of the year, we introduce students to the personal narrative style of writing and have them craft a personal narrative piece.  It can be fiction or truth, they get to decide.  It can tell the story of literally anything.  We want our students to play with writing and words so that they learn to see the fun that can be had while writing.  As most of our students have never experienced this style of writing instruction, they are usually so excited that they are able to choose what they write about.  It’s not that our students ever hated writing, they were just never provided opportunities to see how much fun writing can truly be.

Today in Humanities class, the students had one final Writer’s Workshop block to work on their most current writing piece.  Throughout our unit on Africa, we had the students begin working on three different writing pieces based on our mini-lessons.  From those three pieces, they chose their very favorite to finish and bring through the writing process.  We’ve spent this whole week working on this process in Writer’s Workshop, and today was the final chance for students to receive feedback from their peers and teachers.  While a few students had already finished their piece prior to today, most students had not.  Those students who had finished, spent the period reading or completing other work.  They were focused on the task at hand while the other students polished their Africa writing piece.  Some of the boys sought feedback from their peers while my co-teacher and I conferenced with the others.  It was so great to have one-on-one conferences with each of the students.  I asked them what kind of feedback they were looking for.  “What do you want me to look for while I’m reading your piece?  What kind of feedback would you like?” I would ask them at the start of the conference.  I then asked them, “How would you like me to provide you with this feedback?  Shall I comment in your Google Doc, tell you the feedback orally, or write my suggestions at the end of your piece?  What method will work best for you?”  I want to make sure that I am tailoring the conference to meet the needs of my students.  Every student was looking for something different.  Some students wanted me to help them with their grammar while others wanted me to be sure they used enough details from our mini-lessons in their piece.  These conferences were so individual and unique.  It offered me the chance to praise my students, notice their growth as writers, and provide them meaningful feedback to help them grow and develop as writers.  During these conferences, the other students were focused and diligently working on making their pieces even better so that they could exceed each of the three graded objectives.  It was an amazing period filled with beautiful writing, excellent questions, quality feedback, and hard work.  I was so impressed with my students.  They continue to amaze me on a daily basis.

Now, getting the students to the point at which we are currently in the classroom takes much time.  Our first few Writer’s Workshop blocks are filled with learning opportunities.  Some students write for about 10 minutes and then move onto another task.  Helping the boys learn to develop their stamina as writers takes time.  During our first go-round at peer editing, the students give and receive very little feedback that is at all useful.  They focus on the font size or color.  They don’t analyze the writing to see that adding more depth to the character would help move the story forward faster.  All of these little details about writing and what an effective Writer’s Workshop should look like takes much time and effort.  We do much modelling for the students on how to provide quality feedback, utilize feedback provided by others, stay focused on writing for long periods of time, self-edit and revise their own work, and generate writing ideas.  After several months of mini-lessons and practice, the students get to the point that we were able to witness first hand today in the classroom.  The students know what to do and how to do it and so they just do it.  They write, edit, peer edit, revise, conference, talk about writing, and really work to make their writing stronger and more detailed.

Observing an effective Writer’s Workshop in action is quite the amazing sight.  It almost feels like you are in a tiny cafe in a city where writers sit and work all day, drinking coffee, writing, and talking about writing.  Fostering this love of writing and care for others takes much time and energy but is so worth it.  Because I am able to meet with every student and not worry about what the others are doing as I know they are focused and on track, I am able to differentiate my instruction to meet the needs of each individual student.  I make sure to pay extra close attention to grammar when I am conferencing with my ESL students.  I also do some teaching during these conferences too as I notice recurring mistakes.  For my more advanced writers, I focus on the nuances of writing like plot holes, character development, and setting.  I challenge those authors to focus on revising the bigger parts of their writing.  These conferences provide me this time to really focus my instruction for each student so that I can be sure they are prepared for the rigors of seventh grade English.

Using the Writer’s Workshop method to teach writing has not only made me a better teacher, but it has helped my students learn to find the enjoyment in writing.  By June, my students love writing and enjoy talking to their peers about it.  This method of instruction also allows me to make sure that my students are accurately applying the skills discussed and practiced during our mini-lessons.  Differentiating the instruction is crucial to helping students be and feel successful, and Writer’s Workshop is one easy way to create opportunities to do just that in the classroom.

Posted in Boy Writers, Boys, Education, Humanities, Sixth Grade, Students, Teaching, Writing

How to Make the Most of Halloween in the Classroom

I used to love getting all dressed up in costume and going to school on Halloween.  We would do a parade around the school and get lots of candy.  It was epic.  Of course, how focused was I really on Halloween?  Not very, but I loved being in costume, pretending to be someone else, my alter ego, will you.  Then, things changed.  Public schools began succumbing to the over-political correctness of our society and suddenly we couldn’t celebrate holidays or recognize them in any sort of meaningful manner.  It is quite sad really.  The young children of a colleague of mine came to breakfast looking very sad this morning.  I asked them where their costumes were.  They said, “We can’t wear costumes to school.”  They seemed so disappointed and melancholy.  It broke my heart a bit.  Luckily though, at the school I work at, we are allowed to wear costumes to classes and meals.  I love it.  Halloween is definitely one of my favorite holidays because I get to dress up.  I was Dorothy from the Wizard of Oz and my co-teacher was the Wicked Witch of the West.img_0395

I had so much fun being someone I’m not.  My students had a blast as well.  Despite being in costume, they were very focused in class.  While this group of students tends to be more focused and dedicated than other groups I’ve worked with in the past, Halloween is Halloween and I wasn’t expecting the fine committment I saw from them in the classroom today.

Now, being an elementary teacher by training and in my heart, I love celebrating the festive holidays such as Halloween and Groundhog’s Day.  So, we mixed things up a bit in the sixth grade today to celebrate the day formally known as Samhain.  During Humanities class, the boys participated in the annual Halloween Writing Extravaganza.  It’s much like a round-robin writing activity.  Each student starts a different story based on a teacher-provided prompt for four minutes.  Then, the students pass their story to the person on their left.  They read what was previously read and then begin adding to it for four minutes.  This continues until everybody has added to each story.  As I have many students in my class this year, I broke them into two groups.  So, each group of seven worked on writing seven different stories.  I was impressed by their focus and dedication throughout the writing activity.  They wrote for the entire time, developing the stories.  Some students continued after the allotted time to make their story even better.  As they wrote, my co-teacher and I observed the boys.  They had smiles on their faces as they diligently wrote and added to the macabre masterpieces.  Even our most reluctant writers and workers scribbled away throughout the activity, crafting brilliantly horrific stories of ghosts and weirdness.  It was awesome.

Then, once each of the stories had been completed, I read them aloud to the class.  The students sat in awe, listening to their strange stories of gore and humor.  I’ve never heard more laughter from a class than I did today as I read their bizarre stories aloud to them.  It was so much fun.  When we ran out of time to read all of the stories, you would have thought I had stolen their cell phones.  They were so sad to hear me stop reading.  They wanted to hear each and every story they crafted.  I’m photocopying the stories for the boys to enjoy again and again on their own.  My students were so excited, happy, and engaged in Humanities class today, writing.  On other days, when we write in class, they aren’t nearly as enthusiastic or scary looking.  Perhaps not wearing costumes every day to class is a good thing.  Creating engaging and fun writing activities for the students helps them to realize that everyday skills can be fun and phenomenal when their perspective changes.  They were all writing in class, just about topics that interested them on this particular day.  I capitalized on the novelty of Halloween to engage my students.  Doing this kind of activity each and every day would not be beneficial.  The luster would fade after awhile.  Sometimes, utilizing novelty in the classroom is great, as long as it is not overused.

Here are two samples of their amazing work:

Story 1

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Story 2

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Clearly, my students had fun in Humanities class today as they crafted funny, creative, and slightly scary stories.  Mixing things up a bit on fun days like Halloween, engages the students and gets them excited.  Trying something new today brought out the writers in all of my students.  It was awesome.  Even though I was worried that my students would be over excited and unfocused in class today, because I made use of a new and fun activity, they were hooked.  I won their focus, effort, and attention today.  Yes!  Winner, winner, candy for dinner.  So, on fun days like Halloween, to help keep our students dedicated and focused on learning and growing, we try new and unique activities like a Halloween Writing Extravaganza or pumpkin dissections.  What boy wouldn’t want to write a creepy story or dissect a living organism that has innards the consistency of brains?

Posted in Boy Writers, Education, Humanities, Writer's Workshop, Writing

Why Talk About Student Writing?

In school, the only way I received feedback on my written work was when the teacher handed it back to me graded, with red marks covering the page like it had been through a serious battle with many casualties.  If I can’t redo my work, what’s the point of wasting time to correct my mistakes?  I certainly didn’t look over my mistakes and think, “Wow, I should remember this for next time.”  No, I looked at the grade and then promptly recycled the paper.  Feedback at the end of the process is futile.  My mind had already moved onto the next topic or assignment.  I didn’t care about that essay or writing assignment any longer than I needed to.  I didn’t start really growing as a writer until I was a senior in high school.  I had a teacher who utilized the Writer’s Workshop method of writing instruction.  We drafted writing pieces, revised them, peer edited them, revised them again, received feedback from the teacher, and then crafted a final draft.  That was when I realized the benefit of feedback.  If I utilized the suggestions I received from my peers and teacher, my writing became better and I improved as a writer.  I wasn’t making the changes to get a better grade, I was making the revisions to become a better writer because my teacher found a way to motivate me to want to grow as a writer.  It was awesome.

An easy way to help students receive feedback from their peers during the writing process is through something we in the sixth grade call Writer’s Groups.  The students meet in small groups of 3-4 students to share and discuss their writing.  The students take turns reading their piece aloud to the group while the other students take notes on Noticings and Wonderings.  When each student finishes reading his piece aloud to the group, the listeners share their feedback and suggestions with the author.  The writer then jots down their ideas at the end of his document or story.  The author can ask any follow-up questions he has to be sure that he knows exactly what to do to improve his piece.  The goal of Writer’s Groups is for students to share and talk about their writing to learn how they can make it more effective.  The boys in the group work together towards a common goal to help make each other better writers.  It’s an amazingly effective way to get students talking about writing as they gain some insight into how they can grow their writing piece before the final draft is due.

Today in Humanities class, we had the students participate in Writer’s Groups as a way to receive more feedback on their writing before turning in the final draft tomorrow.  After explaining the protocol, I fielded some questions from the class.  They wanted certain directions to be clarified.  “Where do I write down the feedback my group gives me?  What if I don’t like the feedback someone gives me?”  This year, my co-teacher and I made two big changes to the way we run Writer’s Groups in the sixth grade.  In the past, the author did not get to participate in the discussion of his piece, which felt restrictive.  The students felt as though they couldn’t speak for themselves or explain why they had done something a certain way.  Rather than create frustration within the students, we wanted to empower them this year.  So, the author is a part of the conversation.  He can clarify questions and speak for his piece.  It’s the writer’s job to be sure he receives as much feedback as possible on his writing piece.  The other change we made this year was in being very clear about the feedback received.  “If you don’t agree or like the feedback received, talk to the person giving you the feedback and explain yourself.  Still write down the feedback, but when revising your piece, explain why you didn’t incorporate certain pieces of advice or feedback,” I told the boys today before starting Writer’s Groups.  These two big changes had a dramatic impact on the success of the Writing Groups today.  I was so impressed and excited by the result.

As my co-teacher and I wandered around the classroom, observing the students in their groups, we heard many phenomenal conversations.  “I really like the emotion you used in describing your feelings during the climb.  It was very easy to picture how you felt.”  “At times, the story was a bit confusing when you changed from scene to scene.  Perhaps, take a look at those parts and see if you can make it easier to follow.”  “Your title was very creative and really showcased the story well.”  “You used very descriptive words to explain what was going on.”  “It was hard to picture what was going on in the story at times.  Maybe you could better describe the setting.”  Not only were they communicating effectively, using descriptive and specific language, but they were kind and compassionate in how they delivered the feedback as well.  They listened to each other’s stories intently and with a commitment to help.  They listened for areas of strength and places that were in need of improvement.  The students weren’t just going through the motions to accomplish the assigned task, they were really trying to help support their peers while also trying to be sure they received valuable feedback on how to improve their story.  I was blown away by how well the students worked together towards a common goal.  In all the years I’ve utilized this method of student feedback, today’s Writer’s Groups were the best I’ve ever observed.  I can’t wait to read the students’ final drafts tomorrow.  I’m sure they are going to be amazing because of the great and specific feedback each of the author’s received in class today.  I felt more like a fly on a wall of a cafe where talented writers were sharing their work and talking about good writing, than I did a teacher today.  Yet again, my students found a way to amaze and surprise me.  Wow!

Following class today, I pondered the outcome.  Yes, I was super stoked by the result.  My students were awesome little writers in class today.  But, what caused the result?  Why haven’t Writer’s Groups gone this well for me in the past?  Was it the two changes?  Did allowing the author to participate in the discussion help unite the groups?  Is the chemistry of the class the cause?  This group of students is kind and hard-working.  Did that make a difference?  What helped make today’s exercise go so well?  These are all great questions to keep in mind moving forward.  Will the groups be as productive next time?  Who knows?  I guess that will be the barometer by which I can determine, perhaps, what lead to today’s epic result.  For now, though, I’m just going to bask in the glory of my students.

Posted in Boy Writers, Boys, Change, Education, Humanities, Sixth Grade, Teaching, Writer's Workshop, Writing, Writing Conferences

Rethinking The Structure of Writing Groups

One of my favorite courses in college was Poetry Workshop.  The class was structured like a big writer’s conference or writer’s workshop session.  Each Wednesday evening, we would meet for three hours and share and discuss our work.  Each student would read his or her poem aloud and then receive feedback from the group.  I loved the discussions best of all because they were a chance to talk about writing and figure out how to improve or change a piece to make it more effective.  The conversations were dialogues, not each person saying, “I liked how you used the word flagrant in your piece.  It was cool.”  Oh no.  The students asked each other questions and discussed word choice and line breaks.  Everything was a give-and-take.  We provided each other with constructive feedback so that everybody in the group could grow and develop as a writer and poet.  I learned more about writing in that four-month class than I ever did in all of my years of elementary school.

As a teacher, I want to inspire my students in the same way.  I want them to like writing and the process of writing as much as I did back then.  I want them to see the value in revision and want to talk about writing for the sake of honing their craft.  While we utilize the writer’s workshop model for literacy instruction in the sixth grade, I do wonder if we are effectively implementing every aspect of it.

Today in Humanities class, the students participated in writing groups as a way to receive feedback from their peers on how to improve upon their poem to make it even stronger.  The goal of writing groups, which we share with the students every time, “is to help your peers improve their piece so that they are able to meet and/or exceed every graded objective.”  We reviewed the protocol with the boys today at the start of class since it has been a while since we’ve had writing groups.  “Each student will share his piece aloud with the group while the other two or three members will take copious notes on noticings and wonderings based on the type of feedback the reader said he is looking for.  Then, the writer will physically remove himself from the group while the other members discuss the author’s piece.  While the writer is listening and taking notes on the feedback provided, he does not participate in the discussion.  He doesn’t ask questions and accepts or declines the suggestions and feedback offered.  The other students will ask each other questions and make suggestions about how the author could improve the piece.”  Although some of these discussions were quite strong today, most of the conversations were more of a “do it to get it done kind of thing” than an actual task and opportunity that is taken seriously.  The writers listened for feedback they liked and ignored the rest while the other students discussing the piece just shared noticings and wonderings and weren’t able to have a genuine conversation about the piece and what the author can do to make it stronger and better.

So then, why do we do it this way?  Why do we structure the writing groups so that the students can’t be involved in the discussion?  My co-teacher from a few years ago took several courses through the National Writing Project and they use this same format for writing groups.  She loved it and so we’ve done it ever since despite noticing how much the students have struggled with the process.  They aren’t mature enough to handle having high-level conversations regarding much critical thinking at the sixth grade level.  The writers want to ask their peers discussing the piece questions about the feedback.  They want to speak for themselves and take ownership of their writing.  They can’t just sit and listen.  But, that’s how we structure it.  And after today’s writing groups experience, I’ve realized that this format needs to change for next year.  It’s not beneficial to all students.  Sure, some students receive helpful feedback, but most are not provided with the kind of feedback that allows them to grow and develop as writers.  Most sixth graders are not able to notice the figurative language and how it builds the scene or foreshadows future happenings.  They get stuck on how their peers read the piece aloud.  “He read it very slowly without emotion.”  How is that specific tidbit of feedback going to help the writer improve his piece?  It’s not.  What if we allowed the writers to engage in the conversation and speak for their piece?  What if we allowed them to explain and discuss the questions raised by the other members of the group?  Wouldn’t that elicit higher-level thinking and discussion?  Wouldn’t that allow the writer to be provided with more valuable feedback?

Instead, today, a few of the students felt frustrated and as though they didn’t receive any sort of helpful feedback.  Of course, one of those students utilized a fixed mindset going into writing groups and wouldn’t have liked any feedback he received unless it was positive and praised his poem.  But, a few of the students felt like they didn’t receive the sort of suggestions they were hoping for.  The ideas for revision some of the boys received lacked depth and were more like editing marks than deep revision suggestions.  Plus, many of the authors wanted to address the questions brought up by their peers, but because we structure the writing groups in a specific manner, they are not allowed to get involved in the discussions.  This proved frustrating to some of our boys.  So, why not change the format?  Why keep something in the curriculum that is clearly broken?

So, next year, when we introduce and utilize writing groups, they will be structured more like conversations and dialogues.  We want the students to own their work and feel as they though can explain their choices and work.  We want the boys to analyze writing and dig into it instead of just scratching the surface.  Next year, writing groups in the sixth grade will look more like the writing groups I experienced in my college course.  We want to bring the fun and engagement back into writing.  No more staying with the status quo.  It’s time to admit defeat and overhaul the format.  Why keep repeating something that the students clearly don’t enjoy and that doesn’t seem to help them grow as writers in any way?  “Fool me once, shame on you.  Fool me twice, shame on me.”  No more shame will be had in the sixth grade.

Posted in Boy Writers, Curriculum, Education, Humanities, Sixth Grade, Teaching, Writer's Workshop, Writing

How to Best Provide Feedback to our Students

Going away to college was a big shock for me on many levels.  I had never been away from home for more than a few nights in a row.  How would I ever survive on my own?  How do I wash my clothes?  Who will take out my trash?  I was scared and nervous for the first week or so until I became acclimated.  Then, things quickly got better and I started to enjoy myself.  I can handle this college thing, I thought.  After a few weeks of classes, I had to write my first essay.  Easy-peasy, lemon-squeasy. I wrote numerous essays in high school.  This will be a piece of chocolate cake, with vanilla frosting.  I spent hours at my word processor.  Yes, I typed that accurately.  My parents couldn’t afford a computer for me during my freshman year at Keene State College and so I had to type all of my work on a word processor.  It wasn’t too bad.  At least I could never be distracted by the simple machine.  I completed my paper and handed it in with a smile on my face.  I am awesome at college.  I can do anything.  Maybe I’ll run for president…  Then, came the reality check.  When I received back the essay that I poured all of my heart and soul into, all that I saw was the big red C- circled at the top.  That was it.  No comments other than some proofreading marks scattered about.  No explanation of the grade, no rubric, nothing but the red C-.  What does that even mean?  I didn’t know what the teacher had expected.  I did what was asked.  How do I grow and develop as a writer? I thought.  I had nothing to go on.  Now, while I did eventually figure out what the professor expected of me, it took much energy and many more red C- grades.

As a teacher, I never want my students to question where their grades come from nor how to grow as a writer.  As we utilize the Writer’s Workshop model of writing instruction in the sixth grade, it’s very easy to meet with our students regularly to provide them with feedback on their written work.  We conference with our boys throughout the writing process.  We also allow them to seek out feedback from their peers on their writing as well.  We utilize writing groups and author’s notes to allow the students to showcase their growth and learning as writers.  We celebrate writing in the sixth grade.  Students will routinely share their work aloud with the class or a peer.  For us in the sixth grade, writing is about the process and not the final piece.  We have students draft and redraft as many times as it takes for them to demonstrate their ability to meet the graded objectives.  We want our students to know exactly where they stand as writers, while having a lot of fun.

Today in Humanities class, the students worked on finishing, revising, and editing one of their favorite poems which they worked on during our unit on poetry.  The students spent much time being sure they chose their best piece.  Then, they labored over every word, syllable, image, and rhyme in their poem.  It was so much fun watching the boys count syllables on their fingers, play with words, try new similes and metaphors, and craft creative titles for their pieces.  As students finished with this first phase of the revision process, I had a chance to conference with a few of the boys regarding their poem.  This is one of my favorite parts of the writing process because I’m able to have candid conversations with the students about their writing and the process involved.  I ask many questions as I provide them with feedback.

One of the first questions I asked the boys today was, “How would you like me to provide you feedback?  Shall I write it on paper, jot it down on the whiteboard table, give it to you orally, or comment on your Google Document?  What would work best for you?”  Each of the three students I conferenced with wanted their feedback differently.  One student wanted me to write it on his whiteboard table while another student wanted it written on paper.  The third student wanted his orally.  Then, I went through their piece, line by line, asking probing questions along the way.  Why did you choose this word?  Why did you use punctuation there but not here?  What does this line mean?  What message are you trying to send the reader?  Every time I provided them with ways to improve their piece, I posed it as a question and not a command.  I want the students to make the choices and own their learning and writing.  I wonder why you used this word?  Do you need punctuation in the middle of this line?  For every question I asked, I made sure to tell them, “I’m not saying yes or no, I merely want you to think about it as you revise your piece.  How can you make your poem even better?”  I want the students to see that they have options and not demands being placed upon them.  The process of revision is part of the process of writing.  It’s not a box to be checked off on the writing list.  It’s about growth and development.  I want the students to see how they can improve upon their writing by making them think about their words, punctuation marks, thoughts, and ideas.

To promote this process of writing and revision, rather than give the students a grade on their final piece, we assess the students on a few specific objectives for each written assignment.  When we introduce a new writing piece that will be graded and formally assessed, we introduce and explain the objectives on which the students will be graded so that they are aware of the task at hand.  As we work with the students to revise and grow their work, we provide focused feedback to the students.  While some of the feedback is directly related to helping them better meet or exceed the graded objectives, some of our feedback is focused on helping the students grow as writers.  Over the years that we have utlized this model of writing instruction in the sixth grade, we have seen improvement from the students in not only their writing abilities but also their engagement with the tasks and assignments.  Although some of the students begin the year disliking writing, because of the way we teach writing in the classroom, the students grow to enjoy writing.  Some students even work on their writing pieces during their free time.  It’s crazy!  We’ve seen the students gain more skills as writers and matriculate into the seventh grade more talented than students we’ve taught prior to utilizing the Writer’s Workshop model.  Because our model of writing instruction focuses on the process of writing and not the product of writing, the students feel safe and comfortable taking risks and trying new things as writers.  The vast amount of progress we see from many of the students throughout each year is phenomenal.  Our boys grow into poets and authors by the end of the academic year.

Perhaps this transformation comes about because we provide the students choice and freedom in their writing topics.  Or maybe it’s because we provide them feedback in a more open and safe manner that allows the students to own their changes and revisions.  Or perhaps the students develop so much as writers in one year in our classroom because of the way we celebrate writing and get the students excited about it.  My co-teacher and I model good writing habits as well.  We write right along with the boys and they hear us share our pieces aloud throughout the year.  We put ourselves out there because we expect our students to do the same.  Empathy is important for them.  Maybe that’s why we’ve had such success in the sixth grade with writing.  I think the real reason is much more complex, just like the process of writing.  It’s about the journey and not the destination.

Posted in Boy Writers, Boys, Class Discussion, Education, Humanities, Teaching

Is There Just One Way to Teach Poetry?

In college, I took a course on poetry in which each class period was devoted to analyzing the works of one particular poet.  In theory, that sounds like a great idea and class.  Who wouldn’t like to talk about great poets and poetry?  That’s what I enjoy most about poetry; every reader sees something different when they view or read a poem.  I love comparing and contrasting my views with others.  The big problem with the class though was that if your view of the poems discussed didn’t agree with the teacher’s views, you were wrong.   The teacher took a very stifled approach to teaching poetry and would only accept one interpretation of a poem.  How is that embracing the creativity that is poetry?   While I used to thoroughly enjoy poetry prior to this course, because I refused to believe that the analysis provided by the teacher was the only way to interpret a poem, I almost failed the class and grew to dislike “famous” or “classic” poetry, which is a real shame.

As a teacher of the Humanities, one of my main goals is to allow for multiple interpretations and views of prose and poetry.  Just because some stuffy critic wrote a book analyzing the poems of Robert Frost in a particular manner doesn’t mean that you can’t see what you want to or need to see within his poems.  Poetry isn’t nor ever should be considered or taught as an objective course.  Poetry must always be open to self-interpretation through one’s own perspective.

Today in my Humanities class, I introduced the students to one of my favorite “classic” poems.  We read and discussed Lewis Carroll’s Jabberwocky.  I began the lesson by asking the students to describe a Jabberwock.  What is it?  Of course, they had no idea what a Jabberwock is, but then had fun hypothesizing what one might be.  I then explained where the poem came from and who the author was.  I then read the poem aloud for the students, acting it out in my own unique way as I read.  I then engaged the students in a discussion on their noticings.  What did you notice in the poem?  How did it make you feel?  What might the author have been trying to tell us?  The boys added their varied insight to the conversation.  One student noted that it appeared to be about some creature or beast.  A few students seemed confused by it.  I then explained how the author used many made up words in the poem.  We analyzed a few of the made up words and what they might mean or represent.  This part of the discussion helped a few students more clearly see the piece for what it is.  While I pointed out the epic battle scene that I saw in the piece, I was also very clear with the boys that it’s okay if they didn’t see what I saw when they read the poem.  Poetry is about self-interpretation.  If you saw something else in the poem, that’s completely fine and acceptable, I said to them.  I didn’t want any of my students to feel the way I did in my college poetry class.  I want them to embrace and like poetry because it is open and flexible like a blank canvas or Twizzler.

Following our discussion of the piece, I had the boys create their own Jabberwocky-esque inspired poems.  Although I put parameters on the writing portion, I left them quite open.  They needed to write at least five stanzas of poetry with at least four lines in each.  They needed to include some sort of adventure story or scene, at least five self-created and made up words, at least one example of alliteration, and at least one simile or metaphor.  Other than that, there were no requirements.  I didn’t force them into a rhyme scheme or syllable count.  I didn’t give them any other confines aside from the tools in their poetry toolbelt, which we discussed in class on Wednesday.

I gave them plenty of time in class to get started on their piece as well.  To debrief the activity, I asked the students how many of them enjoyed crafting their own inspired Jabberwocky-esque poem.  Only a few hands went up.  I then asked how many of them found this activity to be challenging.  A few hands went up, including my own.  As I used the work period to begin crafting my own piece, I shared my trials and tribulations with the boys.  Being empathetic with my students allows them to see themselves in me and realize that they aren’t alone.  Learning can be a difficult journey, but knowing that someone is going through it or went through the same trouble as you, helps a lot.

I wrapped today’s class up with a little sharing.  I had the students share their poems with their table partner before allowing interested volunteers to share a stanza from their piece with the class.  The boys seemed to really get excited about each other’s poems and reading them aloud.  They were laughing and having fun, and hopefully doing a little learning along the way as well.

Teaching poetry isn’t just about analyzing and dissecting poetry already written, it’s about making poetry and inspiring students to see the simplicity or complex nature of poetry.  It can be whatever you want it to be.  Allowing students to use a mentor text through which poetry devices and tools can be highlighted before crafting their own unique poems fosters engagement within the students.  Providing the students with choice and options empowers them to take supported and safe risks while challenging themselves to grow and develop as learners.  Although many of my students began the unit on poetry thinking that every poem had to rhyme and be about something in nature and thus had a disdain for the genre, after today’s lesson, many of the boys seem to think that poetry is fun, inventive, creative, and full of action and adventure.  I mean, what boy doesn’t want to hold a vorpal sword and behead a scary beast?

Posted in Boy Writers, Boys, Education, Ralph Fletcher, Summer Reading, Teaching

Thoughts about Summer Reading Part 15: Oh, That Makes Sense

Picture this…  You just got married to the person of your dreams, your soul mate.  The wedding was perfect and the wedding night was amazing.  Now, you’re off on your honeymoon.  You wanted to do something special yet inexpensive, and so you planned a trip to Pricne Edward Island in Canada.  Driving made more sense too.  So, there you are driving north to Nova Scotia.  The weather is goregous and your beautiful mate is next to you in the passsenger seat when all of a sudden your car starts to make funny noises.  Then, it starts bucking.  Oh no.  So, you pull over and take it to a car fixing place.  And that’s when things start to fall apart.  The mechanic says, “It’s your transmission.  It’s completely shot.  You’ll need a new one.”  Later on, when the transmission is being replaced and you had to cancel your honeymoon because the repairs cost $3,000, the mechanic says, “Hey, if you had a done the regular maintenance on the car, this could have been prevented.”  That’s when you slap yourself in the forehead and say, “Oh, that makes sense,” when what you really want to do is punch the mechanic in the face for being so ridiculously obvious.

So, that was the story of how my honeymoon was ruined by a car.  14 years of marriage bliss and we still haven’t made it to PEI.  Back then, I was young and naive.  I had no idea about car maintenance or oil changes.  I was just happy to have a car.  In retrospect, the mechanic’s advice was completely correct.  If only I had thought about that earlier.  Sometimes, the most sensical ideas are the ones furthest from our thoughts.  

Today, while reading Ralph Fletcher’s epic reference book on getting boys to write entitled Boy Writers, I found myself thinking, ‘Oh yeah, that’s totally right, I need to remember that in the classroom,’ when he discussed how girls like to write about emotions and feelings where as boys like to write about actions and things.  Of course.  Then I started thinking about the various writing pieces my students did throughout the year.  99% of them were fiction pieces about fantasy worlds with lots of action.  They described things in vivid details, but never really got into characterization.  They didn’t examine the character’s motivation or emotional state, but they did describe, in detail, what the world looked like.  However, when introducing a new writing strategy or genre, I used more feminine mentor texts that examined the whys and hows of events and characters.  Boys don’t typically engage with this kind of writing, which is perhaps why I kept asking myself, throughout the year, why aren’t they getting it?  Why don’t they better explain why their character is battling the enemy?  I didn’t understand that for boys, this skill is a difficult one to teach.  At the middle school level, most boys aren’t ready to delve into character motivation.  This, in fact, according to Ralph Fletcher, turns them off from writing.  They want to write about action sequences, fantastical worlds, and adventures.  They don’t want to have to stop to explain why.

That makes total sense.  Why didn’t I think of that?  Well, obviously, this author is published for a reason.  He did the research and has the know-how to write about writing for boys.  Knowing this obvious fact about boys and writing, I feel as though I will better support and help my students grow as writers next year.  I will use mentor texts that address the needs of my students and will be sure genres are more open-ended to allow for creativity and interpretation.  Instead of having the boys write a personal narrative about their lives, they could write any sort of narrative.  Perhaps they could write a narrative from the perspective of a dinosaur or super hero.  I need to be more flexible with topics.  Although a lot of what the author has stated in this book is stuff I already know and do in the classroom, there are plenty of a-ha take-aways for me.  If only I had read a book about car maintencance prior to getting married, perhaps I could have prevented my honeymoon disaster.  However, sometimes we have to be ready to take in new information or it just won’t mean anything to us.  If I had read this book a few years ago, I probably would have dismissed a lot of what was written.  But, now I’m ready.  Clearly, I wasn’t ready to understand car maintencance back then, but now I am.  Too bad.  When it comes to learning from mistakes, sometimes, timing is everything.

Posted in Boy Writers, Boys, Ralph Fletcher

Thoughts about Summer Reading Part 14: If it’s Obvious, then Why isn’t it Happening?

After more than 30 years, you’d think that scientists would have found a way to make the beaming up process from Star Trek a reality, but alas, they haven’t found a way to do it, yet.  I’m sure its coming down the pipeline soon though. However, for now, we’ll have to stick with flying, walking, and driving to get around.  Then again though, that futuristic process always seemed far-fetched anyway.  How would it be possible to split an object into its seperate particles and then reassemble it safely?  That’s crazy.  While it would be very cool if we could beam up when traveling, it’s not realistic.

However, the ideas in Boy Writers by Ralph Fletcher do make a lot of sense.  In schools around the country, teachers seem to have trouble engaging boys in writing.  As a teacher at an all-boys school, the ideas he proposes and suggests in his fine book are obvious and already a part of my educational toolbelt.  To inspire boys to write they need to have options and choice.  The writer’s workshop model of writing instruction allows for just that, as the author mentions repeatedly throughout the text.  I employ the literacy workshop model of reading and writing instruction in my classroom to engage my students.  The boys choose what they write about and how they do it.  If they want to write a play, poem, comic book, fiction story, collaborative story, or any other type of writing, they have the freedom to do so.  They love having the choice to write what they want to write.  So, while this method makes sense to the author and some teachers, why do all teachers not use this method of instruction?  Brain research proves to us that people learn best when they are provided choice.  However, despite the obvious data, many teachers and schools still don’t teach writing and reading through the workshop model.  That baffles me.  Even the other English teachers at my school don’t utilize this model of literacy instruction in their class despite all of the research and information with which I have provided them over the years.  Why?  Well, I’m sure all those teachers who operate a writer’s workshop in their classroom can tell you that change is hard.  So many teachers are set in their ways and like having control over their students and the curriculum.  With this method of instruction, the control switches to the students.  Those out-of-touch teachers would probably say something like, “We can’t have the inmates running the asylum.”  It’s time for those teachers to be beamed up to the 21st century or beamed out of teaching.

Another obvious proposal the author made was that boys need to be able to have the ability to use humor and violence in their writing.  In the overly politically correct world in which we live, when students employ violence in their stories, some teachers jump the gun and think, “Oh my gosh.  We’re going to have another Columbine on our hands.”  I get it, violence is scary when we don’t take the time to understand its purpose or rationale.  However, research shows that people who play violent video games, write stories that include violence, or listen to violent music are not automatically prone to going crazy and committing acts of violence themselves.  People do bad things for many different reasons.  If a student writes a story about a superhero and includes a battle scene, as his teacher, we should be excited that he his writring a piece that he enjoys.  This means that we might be fostering a love of writing within that student.  Imagine if we had an entire class filled with students who are able to write about what inspires them in a manner that they choose.  That is what writer’s workshop and trust in your students allows.  We need to show our students we trust and believe in them.  Giving them freedom will create this kind of atmosphere in the classroom.  So then, why aren’t all teachers doing this already?  Again, it comes back to fear.  People are afraid that if they allow students to write silly or violent stories, they won’t be learning anything or will grow up to be violent or crazy people.  That’s not the case in 99% of situations though.

While much of what Ralph Fletcher writes about in his book Boy Writers, is already common knowledge to me, its great to see that other people understand and believe in these ideas as well.  Teaching can be very scary when we allow students to take the reigns, but it’s one of the only ways engagement and genuine learning will take place.  So, let’s believe in our students and guide them through the adventure of learning in a meaningful and trusting manner.